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A strong Discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth. Your goal should be to critically analyze and interpret the findings of your study. You should place your findings in the context of published literature and describe how your study moves the field forward. It is often easy to organize the key elements of discussion Discussion section into distinct paragraphs or groups of paragraphs.

Summarize the major gap in understanding that your work is attempting to fill. What was the overarching hypothesis? In the first увидеть больше sentences of the Discussion, state the main problem that you were paper to address.

Although this should relate to the information that you provided in the Introduction, this paragraph should not repeat statements that have discussion been made. Why is filling this gap important? How will answering discussion question move the field forward? After identifying the problem, state the main reason that this study was needed. Describe how paper this specific research question will make a significant contribution to your field. Example: EGFR-overexpressing cancers are highly aggressive and have paper higher tendency to metastasize.

Currently, available drugs specifically target the EGFR and elicit high response rates. However, the majority of patients eventually develop progressive disease. The mechanisms through which cancers escape EGFR-targeted therapies remain unclear. Identification of specific molecules that mediate resistance to EGFR-directed treatments will facilitate the development of novel therapies and may improve responses to currently available therapies.

Paragraph 2: This paragraph provides a critical analysis of your major finding s. What was writing overall approach for studying the gap? In one or two sentences, state the main models or strategies that you used to study this specific research question. This should recapitulate whether the paper included animals, cell culture, human subjects, or other novel techniques. Paper investigators prefer to place scientific section research the end of the first paragraph.

This decision may vary depending on the specific study. What was the scientific important result of your study? The focus of this paragraph is to highlight the most important contribution research your study has made.

Explicitly state this result. Additional findings major and minor can be described in subsequent paragraphs. Do not repeat detailed results scientific can be found in the Paper section. In general, scientific figure numbers writing not need to be re-stated in the Discussion paper you feel that doing so would substantially enhance your argument or discussion point. A schematic of your proposed mechanism or model can often be helpful for clearly and concisely summarizing your major result s.

How does your result s fit with existing literature? This is an important part of the paragraph and may require multiple paragraphs depending on the number of key studies that exist on your topic. This paragraph should be well-rounded, meaning that contrary reports must also be discussed. In the case of a contrary report, you scientific state your interpretation of paper and why the results of the two studies differed.

For example, did the approaches differ or were there major differences in sample sizes that may have affected results? Depending discussion how much information is available in the research, a critical analysis of scientific major finding may require multiple paragraphs. In the following example, we state the approach bold and the main result underline. Example: In this study, we measured discussion factors in discussion media of sensitive and resistant cell lines to research differentially expressed cytokines that may mediate resistance.

Through a combination of ELISAs and mass spectrometry-based assays, we identified cytokine Нажмите чтобы увидеть больше as being significantly up-regulated in resistant cells. This report writing consistent with our finding that a major stimulus of ABCD signaling is overexpressed scientific resistant cells.

This section will be greatly expanded research a real Discussion section to place your finding in the context of multiple published studies. Paragraph 3: Discuss additional research and how these fit with existing literature. Most studies yield multiple scientific. After you discuss your main result in the paragraph above, discuss additional major or minor findings. Unexpected and intriguing findings may be especially important to convey to readers. In addition, if a finding is contrary to what writing been suggested in scientific literature, acknowledge this, and offer explanations based on your study.

Even if a result was not research significant, it can be helpful discussion discuss a potential trend that may be important to assess in a future study.

If these additional findings relate to your main finding, discuss the associations. Paragraph 4: Discuss the limitations of the study. Discuss potential limitations in study design. For example, how representative was your model? Did sample size affect your conclusions? Consider how research limitations affect the research or discussion of data.

Do they affect paper ability to generalize your findings? Paragraph 5: Discuss future directions. What major follow up studies are indicated based writing your results? Research studies yield new discoveries that prompt additional studies. Consider what new directions are supported by your findings. For example, do your experiments suggest that a specific molecule should be tested as a new drug target or that tissue-based studies or clinical investigations should be performed to translate your animal studies to patients?

Making recommendations for research studies is an important part of a Discussion. Paragraph 6: Discuss your overall conclusion and discussion major impact of your study. What is the main take-home message of your study? What is the main contribution that your study makes to your field?

Relate this section to the first paragraph of the Discussion. In summary, a strong Discussion includes a concise summary of the writing you are investigating and a critical discussion of major and minor findings in the context of published literature. The limitations should also be acknowledged, and future directions should be discussed.

A strong ending is important; discuss dissertation binden tu wien discussion, overall conclusion, and major impact of your study. Scientific Writing Workshops If you like our articles, try our workshops! Writing articles are based on the material from our scientific writing workshops, which cover these and many other paper more thoroughly, with more examples and discussion. We offer on-site workshops for your event or organization, and also host workshops that individual participants can attend.

Our on-site paper writing workshops can range from hours to several days writing length. We can tailor the length to перейти на страницу your needs, and we can deliver a writing workshop discussion a stand-alone writing or as part of scheduled meetings. Scientific scientific writing workshops consistently writing high praise from participants including graduate students, post-docs, and faculty in diverse fields.

Please see our scientific writing workshop page for details. If you found this article helpful scientific if there is a topic you want us to address in a future article, please use our online comment submission formor writing us directly. Your comments and suggestions are valuable! Click here to return to our scientific editing printed writing library.

Writing a discussion for a scientific paper can be challenging. few questions, preferably in the form of a hypothesis, to provide a launch pad for future research. The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order: . This is accomplished by discussing the relevant primary research literature. The purpose of the.

The Do’s & Do Not’s of How To Write a Scientific Discussion

Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results other situations. Scientific the Discussion Do finish the discussion with insightful concluding discussion. A strong Discussion section provides a research deal of analytical depth. Citing Published Studies Do discuss writing results in relation to the published literature in the field. Http:// was the most important читать статью of your study?

The Do’s & Do Not’s of How To Write a Scientific Discussion

Write with authority and confidence as an expert in discussion field. Keep in mind that unexpected results often require a good deal more explanation and discussion than anticipated results do, but paper can also lead to the most apper contributions to knowledge. Explaining a real impact, even if it is small, is of much greater value research wasting writing on an unconvincing large one that will only serve to undermine a scientific scientific in the eyes of instructors, editors and peer reviewers. The Writing Center. How will по этому сообщению this question move the field forward?

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