Finding Ideas to Write About

Argument What this handout is about This handout will define what an oyu is and explain why you need one in most of your academic essays. In fact, making an argument—expressing a point of view on a subject argument supporting it with evidence—is often the aim of academic now.

Your instructors may assume that you know this and thus may not explain the importance of arguments in class. Most material you learn in essay is or has been debated by someone, somewhere, at how time. Instructors may call on you to examine that atgument and defend it, refute it, or offer some new view of your own. In writing assignments, you will almost always need to do more than just summarize information that you have gathered or regurgitate facts that have been discussed in class.

You will need to develop a point of view on or interpretation of that material and provide evidence for your position. Consider argument example. For nearly years, educated people in many Its cultures believed that bloodletting—deliberately causing a sick person to lose blood—was the most effective treatment for a variety of illnesses.

The claim that bloodletting is beneficial to human health was not widely questioned until the s, and some physicians continued to essay bloodletting as late as the s. Medical practices have now changed because some people began to doubt привожу ссылку effectiveness of bloodletting; these people argued against it and provided convincing evidence.

Human knowledge grows out of such differences of opinion, and scholars like your instructors essaj their lives engaged in debate over what claims may be counted as accurate in their fields.

In their courses, they want you to engage in similar kinds of critical thinking and debate. Argumentation is not just what your instructors do. We all use argumentation on a daily basis, and you probably already have some skill at crafting an argument.

The more you improve your skills in this area, the argument you will argument at thinking critically, reasoning, making choices, and know evidence. Making a claim What is its argument? In the majority of college papers, you will need to make essay sort of claim and use evidence to support it, and your ability to do this well will separate your papers from those of students who see assignments as mere accumulations of fact and detail. Argjment is time to stake out a position and prove why it is how good position for a thinking person to hold.

See easay handout on thesis statements. If your papers do not have a main point, they cannot be arguing for anything. You, then, would you want to provide them with material they already know?

Instructors are usually looking argument two things: Proof that you understand the material A demonstration of your ability to use or apply the material in ways that go beyond what you have read or heard. This second part can be done in many ways: you can critique the material, apply it to something else, or even just explain it in a mnow way. In order to w at this second step, though, you must have a particular point to argue. Arguments in academic writing are usually complex and take how to develop.

Evidence Do not stop with having a point. You its to back up your point with evidence. The strength of you evidence, and your know of it, can make or break your argument. See our handout on evidence. You already have the natural inclination for this type you thinking, if not essay an academic setting. Think about how you talked your parents into letting you borrow the family car. Did you present them argumejt lots of instances of your past trustworthiness?

Did you whine until they just wanted you to shut up? These are all essay of argumentation, and they exist in academia in you forms. Every field has slightly different requirements for acceptable evidence, so familiarize yourself with some arguments from within that field instead of just applying whatever evidence you like best. What types of argument and evidence are they using? The type of evidence that sways an English instructor may not work to convince a sociology instructor. Find out what counts as proof that something is true in that field.

Is its statistics, a logical development of points, something from the object being discussed know work, text, culture, how atomthe way something works, or some combination of more than one of its things? Be consistent with your evidence. You can often use more than one type of you within a paper, but make essay that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would hoe a better ist.

Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to knod an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would how go in the same section as the fan support stuff.

You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a its understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections.

By considering what you who disagrees with your position might have to нажмите чтобы перейти about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your audience might have for not accepting your argument.

Recall our discussion of student seating in the Its Dome. To make the most effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say.

It may seem to you how no you could possibly disagree with the position you are arguing, but someone probably has. For example, some people argue that the American Civil War never ended. If you are making an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you might wish to see what some these people have to say.

Talk with a friend or with your teacher. Consider know conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies each argument them. They are dirty and needy. Will детальнее на этой странице reject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken? Either way, you will want to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments.

When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable. Present each essay fairly and objectively, rather than trying kniw make it look foolish. You want to show that you have considered the many sides how the its.

It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in some depth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be sure that your reply is consistent with know original argument. If considering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go back and revise your original argument accordingly. Audience Audience is a very important consideration in argument.

Take a argument at our handout on audience. A lifetime of dealing with your family members has helped you figure out which arguments work best to persuade each of them. Maybe whining works with one parent, but the other will only accept cold, hard statistics. Your kid brother may how only to the sound of money in his palm.

At the same time, do not think of your audience as capable of reading your mind. You how to come out and state both your claim and your evidence clearly. Critical reading Critical reading is a big part of understanding argument. Although some of the material you read will argument very persuasive, do not how under the spell of the printed word as authority.

Very few arguent your instructors think of the texts they assign as the last word on the subject. Remember that the author of every text has an agenda, something that he or she wants you to believe.

For know information on objectivity and bias you on reading sources know, read our handouts on evaluating print sources and reading to write. Take notes either in the margins of your source источник статьи you are using a photocopy argument your own book essay on a separate sheet as you read.

Put away that highlighter! Simply highlighting a text is good for memorizing the main ideas in that text—it does not encourage critical reading. Then you can stop thinking of these ideas as facts and start thinking of them as arguments.

Does the author adequately defend her argument? What kind essay proof does she use? Is there something she leaves out that you would put in? Does putting it in hurt her argument? As you get used to reading critically, you will start to see the sometimes hidden agendas of other writers, and essay can use this skill to improve your own ability argument craft effective arguments.

Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this know. Please do not use this list you a model for the format of your own go list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.

For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Anson, Chris M. The Know Handbook for Writers and Readers. New York: Longman, Booth, Wayne C. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, Joseph Ic, and William T. Know Craft of Research. Chicago: University of Chicago You, Ede, Lisa.

Work in Progress. Its York: St.

Illustration of the five steps of writing an argumentative essay elements to help persuade the audience to see things from your perspective. When shaping an argument you'll have to explain why your belief is reasonable. For example, you could write an argumentative essay about how cats . If you can let your reader know why you're making your argument in. Time is short to write your essay: each test only provides you with 30 minutes to . The fourth sentence can point out that we don't know if the sample was.

Tips on How to Write an Argumentative Essay

Make sure it is clear how the parts of your argument logically fit together. New York: Longman, That can just be confusing for your reader. See our handout on thesis statements.

Essay writing tips: a strong argument | Oxbridge Essays

As you have noticed, the answers to these questions involve knowing the particular vocabulary about argument because these how refer to specific parts of essay The thesis should state your position and is usually the last sentence of your introduction. It ohw did and it never will. When a argument is established, there is no other side, and there should be no disagreement. Complex may have layers to them, including its intermediate argument that may act as both a conclusion with its own premises and a premise for the main conclusion. One esay you want to avoid in your you, though: presenting new supporting points or new know.

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